Standard

We are developing a community standard for homomorphic encryption based on three white papers created by the participants at the first standardization workshop hosted by Microsoft Research in Redmond WA on July 13-14 2017; the three white papers addressed Security, API, and Applications of homomorphic encryption. After being publicly scrutinized and improved further, the security white paper was publicly endorsed by many leading security experts at the second standardization workshop, resulting in the first version of the Homomorphic Encryption Standard. Today, this document provides scheme descriptions, a detailed explanation of their security properties, and tables for secure parameters. Future versions of the standard may describe a standard API and a programming model for homomorphic encryption.

Download the Standard

Download the Homomorphic Encryption Security Standard (March 16, 2018) [pdf]

Please use the following BibTeX entry when citing the standard.

@techreport{HomomorphicEncryptionSecurityStandard,
 author = {Martin Albrecht and Melissa Chase and Hao Chen and Jintai Ding and Shafi Goldwasser and Sergey Gorbunov and Jeffrey Hoffstein and Kristin Lauter and Satya Lokam and Daniele Micciancio and Dustin Moody and Travis Morrison and Amit Sahai and Vinod Vaikuntanathan},
 title = {Homomorphic Encryption Security Standard},
 institution= {HomomorphicEncryption.org},
 publisher = {HomomorphicEncryption.org},
 address = {Cambridge MA},
 year = {2018},
 month = {March}
 }

White papers

The Security, API, and Applications white papers created at the first standardization workshop are still available.

Security: This white paper discusses the security standard for homomorphic encryption.

API: This white paper discusses the design of API standards for homomorphic encryption.

Applications: This white discusses the motivating applications for homomorphic encryption.

Please use the following BibTeX entries when citing the white papers.

@techreport{HomomorphicEncryptionSecurityStandard,
 author = {Melissa Chase and Hao Chen and Jintai Ding and Shafi Goldwasser and Sergey Gorbunov and Jeffrey Hoffstein and Kristin Lauter and Satya Lokam and Dustin Moody and Travis Morrison and Amit Sahai and Vinod Vaikuntanathan},
 title = {Security of Homomorphic Encryption},
 series = {Draft Homomorphic Encryption Standard},
 institution= {HomomorphicEncryption.org},
 publisher = {HomomorphicEncryption.org},
 address = {Redmond WA},
 year = {2017},
 month = {July}
 }

@techreport{HomomorphicEncryptionAPIStandard,
 author = {Michael Brenner and Wei Dai and Shai Halevi and Kyoohyung Han and Amir Jalali and Miran Kim and Kim Laine and Alex Malozemoff and Pascal Paillier and Yuriy Polyakov and Kurt Rohloff and Erkay Sava\c{s} and Berk Sunar},
 title = {A Standard API for RLWE-based Homomorphic Encryption},
 series = {Draft Homomorphic Encryption Standard},
 institution= {HomomorphicEncryption.org},
 publisher = {HomomorphicEncryption.org},
 address = {Redmond WA},
 year = {2017},
 month = {July}
 }

@techreport{HomomorphicEncryptionApplicationStandard,
 author = {David Archer and Lily Chen and Jung Hee Cheon and Ran Gilad-Bachrach and Roger A. Hallman and Zhicong Huang and Xiaoqian Jiang and Ranjit Kumaresan and Bradley A. Malin and Heidi Sofia and Yongsoo Song and Shuang Wang},
 title = {Applications of Homomorphic Encryption},
 series = {Draft Homomorphic Encryption Standard},
 institution= {HomomorphicEncryption.org},
 publisher = {HomomorphicEncryption.org},
 address = {Redmond WA},
 year = {2017},
 month = {July}
 }